Top 5 Risk Factors For Cardiac Issues
With 610,000 people die of heart disease in the United States each year, heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women. it is very important for one to know about cardiac health and how you can prevent potentially deadly heart complications from occurring. How do you know if you are at risk? Below is a list of the top five risk factors for cardiac issues.
1. If you have raised blood cholesterol. Raised blood cholesterol accounts for 2.6 million deaths globally. One can lower their blood cholesterol by altering their diets. It is effective to stay away from saturated fats and trans fats while eating foods with omega-3 fatty acids.
2. If you have high blood pressure. High blood pressure is known as hypertension. Hypertension occurs when one has an elevated systolic pressure of at least 140 or a diastolic pressure of at least 90. Many people are not aware that they have high blood pressure. This is why it is always important to get their blood pressure checked regularly.
3. If you have diabetes. One is diagnosed with diabetes when they have a fasting plasma glucose of at least 7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl). Cardiovascular disease is statistically responsible for about 60 percent of all deaths in people who have diabetes. If diabetes is detected late it can cause serious heart health complications. This includes strokes, heart attacks, renal failure, blindness, and amputations. This is why it is important to get assessed by your doctor for diabetes, so you can receive the medicine and tools you need to combat the disease.
4. If you smoke tobacco. Smoking can cause nearly 10 percent of all cardiovascular disease. Smoking tobacco is one of the many huge risk factors for a heart attack. The act damages the lining of the arteries. This leads to a buildup of fatty material that narrows the artery. Luckily, within two years of quitting, the risk of cardiovascular disease is significantly reduced. Within 15 years of quitting the risk of heart disease becomes the same as a non-smoker’s risk.
5. If your family has a history of having cardiovascular disease. A family’s history of cardiovascular disease is a good indicator of a person’s risk. If someone in your family has had a stroke or heart disease before the age 55 (if male) or 65 (if female) and they are a first-degree blood relative, the risk is significantly increased.
If you think you may be at risk for cardiac issues, it is best to visit your doctor to make sure you are in good cardiovascular health. Diet, exercise and a healthy lifestyle can substantially decrease your risk for heart disease. We hope these tips help you avoid any heart complications in the future!